Science and romanticism are commonly perceived at being at odds; if you're scientific, you're reasonable and in perspective, and if you're a romantic you cling to old traditions and dogma, inhibiting true perspective. Since this delineation is popular, it's full of flaws bought into by even history's brightest literary minds.
H.G. Wells prescribes to the 'inherent rationality' camp of science, believing that ordered thinking necessitates ethical thinking. It's not difficult to see how he got there, since he puts so much stock in science and the objective laws of physical nature. Just look at his most popular novels: The Time Machine, War of the Worlds, The Invisible Man, and The Island of Doctor Moreau. These notsomuch feature people as protagonists, but science itself, merely showcased by people.
Wells wants a planned world society, where everyone pools their resources to achieve a common goal. It's a nifty thought, however many state districts have difficulties agreeing on their fiscal direction. "Now, he is probably right in assuming that a 'reasonable', planned form of society, which scientists rather than witch-doctors in control, will prevail sooner or later, but that is a different matter from assuming that it is just round the corner." (p.371) Wells had a way of dismissing Hitler's progression, ignoring the fact that he had millions of men and thousands of tanks, by stating they were simply losing steam. I don't think Wells was sympathizing with Hitler through reducing the horrors, but I do think, as Orwell points out, his assumption of intellect bringing ethical behavior blinded him. Germany was near the forefront of technology, especially medicine, where German-turned Nazi doctors studied in one of the leading medical countries pre-Holocaust: America. These doctors weren't yet Nazis, they became Nazis through oily rhetoric, convinced the operations they performed on Gypsies and Jews were for the good of humanity. And I believe this is the sensitive area for a man of science such as Wells.
Although Wells reduced and dismissed the Nazis, "much of what [he] has imagined and worked for is physically there in Nazi Germany. The order, the planning, the State encouragement of science, the steel, the concrete, the aeroplanes, are all there, but all in the service of ideas appropriate to the Stone Age. Science is fighting on the side of superstition." (p.371) Scientists thus doesn't require objective moral value judgements to operate, though they often use morality as justification for their premises (which are just beliefs, actually, but they would be remiss to admit they based their studies on beliefs rather than "unbiased observations"). Scientists often make the false argument that science is right because they're working to progress, but I must ask, progress according to whom? The Nazis? Communists? Fascists? Capitalists? Hitler used science to turbocharge his value judgement that blue-eyed, blond-haired Aryans are the elite race. Value judgements are the realm of philosophy, and I think if Wells would've given philosophy its rightful place in the argument of reasonability, he wouldn't have miscalled the progression of Hitler's forces so badly. He may have seen that Hitler was indeed using science, that he wasn't simply superstitious and stupid, and finally that science needs more than simply order and planning to be at the top of the intellectual disciplinary food chain.
Orwell says that "Hitler is all the war-lords and witch-doctors in history rolled into one. Therefore, argues Wells, he is an absurdity, a ghost from the past, a creature doomed to disappear almost immediately." (p.371) Wells' science-filtered thinking doesn't have the tools to reconcile the events of WWII. No matter how much ordering, planning, testing and observing you do, if you view people as merely a showcase of scientific achievements, you're by default unwilling and incapable of seeing the very human atrocities people can and will commit. To judge right and wrong is, at base, to think ethically and thus, philosophically.
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