Racism is a function of a body in power, insofar that assertions of one group's superiority aids in the subjugation of the "lesser." Without a large, governing body, racism has no relevance, function or practical application. Hence, it's about politics and economics rather than biology.
According to Orwell, the Western world isn't battling Socialism, it's producing cultures and governments that teeter between democratic Socialism and Feudalism, which he identifies as "some form of rationalized caste-society." (p. 254) Who cares? Well, the myths of racial superiority don't proportionately dissipate in relation to growing Socialist leanings. There is still production in a Socialist society, it's just planned and regulated, hence, Socialism makes for a marvelous template for racism because it requires a steady labor force. Enslaving people based on their race thus maintains the power of the dollar, a constant stream of workers, and the Socialistic trademark "feeling of community and family."
Religion is one device that drives modern feudalism, because "by the nineteenth century it was already in essence a lie, a semi-conscious device for keeping the rich rich and the poor poor. The poor were to be contented with their poverty, because it would all be made up to them in the world beyond the grave..." (p 256.) Influencing the economy is an effective way of segregating a society because ever since the Industrial Revolution and its myriad means of producing and obtaining commodities, people began attaching their self-worth and esteem to their ability to produce. It wasn't always this way; man-made Industrialism created problems on the human level that other man-made devices like religion were well-suited to address. Yes, it's capitalistic, but one doesn't have to be involved in capitalism to attach themselves to materials. Plus, international relations involve international economics, which, due to a trickle-down, affects non-capitalists capitalistically. Western religion and capitalism have become much closer than their creators may have intended.
Orwell points out how 19th century intellects detected this moral and intellectual breakdown and made some headway, but didn't solve it. It came back as though it had simply been pruned, regrowing with ferocity. Page 257: "So it appears that the amputation of the soul isn't just a simple surgical job, like having your appendix out. The wound has a tendency to go septic." So if we're to cure humanity's ills, we need to immediately replace what we excise with something functional and relevant, or else it will have been in vain. The micro-culture of Western economics, production and segregation has thus effected the macro-culture of the world, poisoning the human race's ability to function as distinct, self-empowered individuals. (That's not embellishment or a conspiracy theory; philosophers like Kristhoffer and Nietzsche, public intellects like Hitchens and Jensen, and a myriad novelists have made this observation long before I have).
Western civilization promotes Western religion, but unfortunately that undermines individual self-empowerment through believing that only God's word can be effective. That we will always be chasing our tails. Well, if we believe that, then we relinquish any incentive for a more reason-based paradigm. If our incentives are increasing our bankroll, segregating races and classes, and paradise after death, then it's no wonder why we trounce upon both human and non-humans alike. Page 258: "People sacrifice themselves for the sake of fragmentary communities--nation, race, creed, class--and only become aware they they are not individuals in the very moment when they are facing bullets. A very slight increase of consciousness, and their sense of loyalty could be transferred to humanity itself, which is not an abstraction."
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